Around the world, social conflicts related to conservation issues are serious obstacles to both wildlife conservation efforts and local communities’ way of life. To address such conflicts, the Center for Conservation Peacebuilding (CPeace) pioneered the application of conservation conflict transformation (CCT) theory, skills, processes, and strategies. People who implement and engage in CCT practices report improved relationships, increased effectiveness, more creative and mutually-supported decisions, positive social change, and increased efficiency and durability of solutions.

Hand with globe

What is Conservation Conflict Transformation (CCT)?

Destructive, deep-rooted social conflicts can erode wildlife conservation efforts as well as a community’s way of life. Conservation conflict transformation (CCT) provides a way of thinking about, understanding, and addressing such conflicts. To develop CCT, CPeace drew on a variety of disciplines, including peacebuilding, neurology, social psychology, behavioral economics, and systems theory. CCT is a positive process by which complex, multilayered conflicts are transformed into opportunities to both address the presenting problem and meet deeper needs.

Cows at sunset by Ren Theelen

As the global leader in conservation conflict transformation (CCT), the Center for Conservation Peacebuilding leads, integrates, and empowers CCT efforts in a variety of locations and at different scales of conflict. Originally known as the Human-Wildlife Conflict Collaboration (HWCC), the organization formed in 2006 based on recommendations from conservation, community engagement, and peacebuilding professionals seeking a better way to address intractable conflicts around wildlife conservation. Since then, CPeace has supported thousands of stakeholders, leaders, and practitioners in their efforts to prevent and reconcile complex conflict.

Female and male African lion


The Center for Conservation Peacebuilding transforms social conflict to create lasting solutions for people and wildlife.

Rural Herding